Education is a vehicle of social progress and socio economic transformation. It is the process by which people acquire knowledge, skills, values and attitudes. The word 'education' is also used to describe the results of educational process.
In Bangladesh, secondary education is one of the most important and biggest sub-sectors in education with a large number of institutions and teachers. There are three stages in the structure of institutional education in Bangladesh, i.e. primary, secondary and higher education. Primary education is a five-year cycle from grade I-V. The secondary education which comprises three year junior secondary from grade VI-VIII, two year secondary from grade IX-X and two year higher secondary from grade XI-XII. Higher secondary is followed by higher education in general, technical, technology and medical education streams with four/five year graduation. The secondary education sub-sector in Bangladesh is quite large. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS), the number of secondary school is 18,500 having 238,158 teachers and 7,398,552 students in the year 2006 (BANBEIS, 2007). Sadly, both these high stake examinations emphasise only on students' memorisation skill and the power to reproduce them in examination hall. Proficiency in English is a must for success in both studying and working since English is the undisputed language of science and technology. At present we have different educational streams in the country: 1) SSC, HSC, BA, MA etc. in Bangla medium 2) English medium, 3) Madrasahs, 4) vocational training. Fortunately our government imposed a regulation to correlate the degrees obtained under different systems.
The system of objective question setting is leaving a large section of students and their guardians unhappy. The topic of note books/suggestions has kicked off a lot of dust. The success of the new system will depend on proper management of resources and manpower.
Mohammed Raisul Islam
East West University